Over the last few years, roughly 500,000 migrants have moved to Italy.
60% of them has been refused entry, meaning that there are about 200,000 alleged irregulars.
A vicious circle: the rejected ones wind up in ghettoes.
Third-country nationals include people from Tunisia, Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Morocco, and Ivory Coast. They generally work as farmhands in about 80 rural areas; they live in shanty towns of abandoned houses or huts made of wooden branches held together with plastic irrigation tubing, and plastic greenhouse covering as roofs.
Ghettoes are generally located on the outskirts of the cities or in the open countryside, often without toilet facilities and with no water or electricity supply; here one can find places of worship, meeting spots, shops, and brothels. Migrants work 10-12 hours a day. Their daily wage is between €22 and 25.
The main aim of this ongoing, long-term project – begun in 2014 – is to give an in-depth account, from an insider’s point of view, of how migrants make a living in Italy today.